Children's bones, joints, and connective tissues are still growing, and tissues heal at different rates – typically much more quickly than in adults. When fractures, torn ligaments and other types of pediatric injury are not treated promptly and appropriately, the bones and tissues can grow or “heal” abnormally. Seeing an orthopedist with experience in pediatric care is essential for ensuring children heal and develop properly following a fracture, sprain, dislocation or other injury affecting the musculoskeletal system so they can return to their normal activities as soon as possible.
Common childhood fractures include:
Most fractures can be treated with casting or bracing, but in very severe fractures, surgery may be required to straighten and realign the bones and pins or screws may be needed to keep the fragments in their proper positions.
Treatment of pediatric tumors depends on the type of tumor that's present, its location, and other factors. Some benign (non-cancerous) bone tumors will resolve on their own while others may require minimally-invasive procedures to eliminate them. Bracing or casting may be used to provide stability while the bone heals. Malignant (cancerous) tumors typically require surgery to remove the affected portion of the bone or, less frequently, the entire limb. Soft tissue tumors also usually need to be removed surgically. Chemotherapy or radiation therapy may be used to prevent cancerous growth and prevent the tumor from spreading.
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